Author: Charles Doyle
When a trained dog?s reaction suggests the presence of drugs, do the police have probable cause to search? Or is the dog?s reaction just one of the factors to be considered under a totality of the circumstances test? Does it matter that the dog sometimes reacts to something other than the presence of drugs? Does it matter that it reacts with respect to drugs long gone from the location? Does it matter that it reacts to objects touched by an individual who came in contact with the drugs elsewhere? Or are trained dogs sufficiently reliable that such things do not matter?