Hydraulic fracturing (sometimes referred to as fracking) is a technique that uses water, sand, and chemicals under pressure to enable or enhance the production of natural gas and crude oil from formations with low permeability. In California, recent drought and estimates of recoverable energy resources have drawn attention to the current and future impacts of fracturing on the state’s water quantity and quality. While available data and data gaps on water use in hydraulic fracturing are presented herein, analysis of water quality topics is beyond the scope of this discussion.
Date of Report: July 2, 2014
Number of Pages: 2
Order Number: IF00033
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