Since its inception, Congress has engaged in oversight of the executive branch which, broadly defined, includes the review, monitoring, and supervision of the implementation of public policy. The first Congresses inaugurated such important oversight techniques as special investigations, reporting requirements, and the use of the appropriations process to review executive authority. In modern time, congressional oversight can occur in virtually any legislative activity and through a wide variety of channels, organizations, and structures. These activities range from formal committee hearings to informal Member or staff contact with executive officials; from staff studies to support-agency reviews; and from casework conducted by Member offices to studies prepared by non-congressional entities such as commissions and inspectors general.
Date of Report: December 1, 2014
Order Number: IF10015
For email and phone orders, provide a Visa, MasterCard, American Express, or Discover card number, expiration date, and name on the card. Indicate whether you want e-mail or postal delivery.