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Rwanda: Current Issues – IF10179

Rwanda: Current Issues – IF10179 published on

Under the leadership of President Paul Kagame, Rwanda has become known for its rapid development and security gains since the devastating 1994 genocide, in which an estimated 800,000 people were killed. The minority ethnic Tutsi community was targeted in the genocide, along with politically moderate members of the Hutu majority, in a state-backed extermination campaign. The Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) took power in 1994 and ended the genocide. RPF efforts to improve health systems, the economy, and gender equality have received substantial support from foreign donors, including the United States. Development indicators have improved markedly in the past two decades, but poverty remains widespread. While praising Rwanda’s progress, U.S. officials have also criticized its domestic constraints on political and civil freedoms and the government’s recent history of backing rebel groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Date of Report: May 11, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10179
Price: $5.95



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