Skip to content

Content Header

The American Civil War: Wilder’s Brigade in the Tullahoma and Chattanooga Campalgns

The American Civil War: Wilder’s Brigade in the Tullahoma and Chattanooga Campalgns published on

Authored by U.S. Army Command and General Staff College

1863 was the third year of the American Civil War. When the year began, the war
was still largely unsettled. This was the case in the western theater, where the Union Army
of the Cumberland faced the Confederate Army of Tennessee, vying for control of
Tennessee and its valuable resources and strategic rail interchanges. In the early months of
1863 the Army of the Cumberland was resting and reorganizing. General William S.
Rosecrans, commander of the Army of the Cumberland, resisted pressure from
Washington to commence his spring offensive against General Braxton Bragg, commander
of the Army of Tennessee. The strategic importance of Tennessee at that point in the war
was three-fold. First, many Union loyalists lived in East Tennessee. President Lincoln
wanted to liberate the state and bring those citizens back under the umbrella of Union
control. Secondly, Confederate rail lines connecting the resources of the western theater to
Virginia ran through Tennessee. Those rail lines served as lines of communication and
lines of supplying the Confederate armies not only in Tennessee but throughout the Eastern
Theater as well. Third, Tennessee was rich in supplies needed to sustain the Confederate
war effort. Food items such as pork, corn and mineral resources such as copper and
saltpeter, two ingredients of gunpowder, were mined in Tennessee.

Publication Date:
Apr 09 2014
1497541182 / 9781497541184
Page Count:
Binding Type:
US Trade Paper
Trim Size:
8.5″ x 11″
Black and White
Related Categories:
History / United States / Civil War


Primary Sidebar