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RL33200 – Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean – 10/13/2016

RL33200 – Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean – 10/13/2016 published on

Author: Clare Ribando Seelke, Specialist in Latin American Affairs
Pages: 22

This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. It then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in the region, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional anti-trafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising issues that may be helpful for the 114th Congress to consider as it continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.

RS22380 – Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics – 9/19/2016

RS22380 – Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics – 9/19/2016 published on

Author: Carmen Solomon-Fears, Specialist in Social Policy
Pages: 14

The Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program was enacted in 1975 as a federal-state program (Title IV-D of the Social Security Act) to (1) reduce public expenditures for welfare recipients by obtaining ongoing support from noncustodial parents that could reimburse the state and federal governments for part of their expenses (i.e., welfare cost-recovery) and (2) help strengthen families by securing financial support for children from their noncustodial parent on a consistent and continuing basis to enable some families to remain self-sufficient and off public assistance. Over the years, CSE has evolved into a multifaceted program. While welfare cost-recovery still remains an important function of the program, its other aspects include service delivery and promotion of self-sufficiency and parental responsibility. The CSE program has different rules for welfare and non-welfare families. The CSE program provides seven major services on behalf of children: (1) parent location, (2) paternity establishment, (3) establishment of child support orders, (4) review and modification of child support orders, (5) collection of child support payments, (6) distribution of child support payments, and (7) establishment and enforcement of medical support. Child support collection methods used by state CSE agencies include income withholding; intercept of federal and state income tax refunds; intercept of unemployment compensation; liens against property; reporting child support obligations to credit bureaus; intercept of lottery winnings; sending insurance settlement information to CSE agencies; authority to withhold or suspend driver’s licenses, professional licenses, and recreational and sporting licenses of persons who owe past-due support; and authority to seize assets of debtor parents held by public or private retirement funds and financial institutions. Moreover, federal law authorizes the Secretary of State to deny, revoke, or restrict passports of debtor parents. Federal law also provides for international enforcement of child support.

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An Introduction to Child Nutrition Reauthorization – IF10266

An Introduction to Child Nutrition Reauthorization – IF10266 published on

The “child nutrition programs” (National School Lunch Program and certain other institutional food service programs) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) programs are up for reauthorization during the 114th Congress.  Some of the authorities created or extended in the last reauthorization law (Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (P.L. 111- 296)) expire on September 30, 2015.

Date of Report: July 28, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10266
Price: $5.95

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Email: congress@pennyhill.com 
Phone: 301-253-0881  

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Use of Group Care for Children in Foster Care – IF10226

Use of Group Care for Children in Foster Care – IF10226 published on

Foster care is a temporary living arrangement meant to ensure a child’s safety. Children most commonly enter foster care due to neglect or abuse experienced at the hand of their parent, and some children may also have significant behavior problems. Foster care is provided on a 24-hour basis in a foster family home of a relative or non-relative or in various non-family settings. Those non-family settings, referred to collectively in this brief as “group care,” range from those that provide specialized treatment or other services to more general care settings or shelters. They may be settings serving as few as seven children or institutions serving hundreds. Among children entering foster care in FY2008, 20% experienced group care at some point during the next five years and their average length of stay in group care was nine months.

Date of Report: May 12, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10226
Price: $5.95

To Order:  CLICK: HERE  to use the SECURE SHOPPING CART 

Email: congress@pennyhill.com 

Phone: 301-253-0881  

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