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R44480 – Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA – 10/13/2016

R44480 – Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA – 10/13/2016 published on

Author: Alexadra M. Wyatt, Legislative Attorney
Pages: 36

This report provides legal background on the Rule, its Clean Air Act (CAA) framework under Section 111, and climate-related lawsuits that have preceded the present litigation over the CPP. It then gives an overview of the participants in the current litigation, including two groups of Members of Congress, who have offered briefs in support of the petitioners and the respondents, respectively. This report explains the major events in the litigation as of the date of publication, including the Supreme Court stay, and the likely timetable of events in the near term. Bills: H.R. 2834

R42142 – EPA’s Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues – 10/12/2016

R42142 – EPA’s Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues – 10/12/2016 published on

Author: Claudia Copeland, Specialist in Resources and Environmental Policy
Pages: 24

This report is an overview of the revised VGP for large vessels and two key issues: inclusion of numeric performance standards to limit ballast water discharges from vessels, and controversies about the role of states in regulating vessel discharges. It also reviews the final sVGP for small vessels and Congress’s recent interest in these issues. Bills: H.R. 980, H.R. 3464, H.R. 4005, H.R. 5769, H.R. 2838, S. 371, S. 2094, S. 2943

R43851 – Clean Air Issues in the 114th Congress: An Overview – 9/21/2016

R43851 – Clean Air Issues in the 114th Congress: An Overview – 9/21/2016 published on

Author: James E. McCarthy, Specialist in Environmental Policy
Pages: 20

In the 114th Congress, in addition to bills targeting GHG emissions discussed elsewhere in this report, the House has passed two bills that would overturn or delay specific EPA air regulations: H.R. 4557, the BRICK Act, which would delay implementation of hazardous air pollutant emission standards affecting brick and ceramic manufacturers until all legal challenges to the rules are settled; and H.R. 3797, the SENSE Act, which would ease emission limits under the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule and the Mercury and Air Toxics Standards for electric generating units powered by coal refuse. In addition, H.R. 5538, the Interior, Environment and Related Agencies appropriation bill for FY2017, as passed by the House, contains numerous riders prohibiting EPA from using FY2017 funds to implement various authorities under the Clean Air Act. Bills: H.R. 3826, H.R. 2, H.R. 2042, H.R. 1044, H.R. 1327, H.R. 1388, H.R. 2111, S. 640, S. 751

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