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R42567 – Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress – 10/13/2016

R42567 – Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress – 10/13/2016 published on

Author: Ronald O’Rourke, Specialist in Naval Affairs
Pages: 42

This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard’s programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs). These 91 planned cutters are intended as replacements for 90 aging Coast Guard cutters and patrol craft. The Coast Guard began procuring NSCs and FRCs a few years ago, and the first few NSCs and FRCs are now in service. The Coast Guard plans to begin procuring OPCs within the next few years. The NSC, OPC, and FRC programs have a combined estimated acquisition cost of about $21.1 billion, and the Coast Guard’s proposed FY2016 budget requests a total of $449.9 million in acquisition funding for the three programs. Bills: H.R. 3128, S. 1619, H.R. 2029, H.R. 1987, S.1611, H.R. 4188

R44321 – Diversity, Inclusion, and Equal Opportunity in the Armed Services: Background and Issues for Congress – 10/13/2016

R44321 – Diversity, Inclusion, and Equal Opportunity in the Armed Services: Background and Issues for Congress – 10/13/2016 published on

Author: Kristy N. Kamarck, Analyst in Military Manpower
Pages: 54

This report starts by giving an overview of recent research on diversity and organizational management to demonstrate why organizations value diversity and what the findings on diversity mean in a military context. The next sections outline DOD’s military personnel policies, processes and organizational structure for managing diversity, inclusion, and equal opportunity. Following that, the report examines how the concept of diversity and inclusion has evolved over the history of the Armed Forces and provides a snapshot of the current demographic composition of the military relative to the U.S. civilian population. Finally, the report addresses some of the current legislative and policy issues related to diversity in the Armed Forces. Bills: H.R. 2965, H.R. 1059, H.R. 2007, H.R. 1246, H.R. 1735

RL34391 – Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress – 10/13/2016

RL34391 – Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress – 10/13/2016 published on

Author: Ronald O’Rourke, Specialist in Naval Affairs
Pages: 50

This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the sustainment and modernization of the Coast Guard’s polar icebreaker fleet. Coast Guard polar icebreakers perform a variety of missions supporting U.S. interests in polar regions. The operational U.S. polar icebreaking fleet currently consists of one heavy polar icebreaker, Polar Star, and one medium polar icebreaker, Healy. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Administration’s plans for sustaining and modernizing the polar icebreaking fleet. Congress’s decisions on this issue could affect Coast Guard funding requirements, the Coast Guard’s ability to perform its polar missions, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base. This report does not cover the icebreakers that the Coast Guard operates on the Great Lakes. A separate CRS report covers procurement of general-purpose cutters for the Coast Guard. Another CRS report provides an overview of various issues relating to the Arctic. Bills: H.R. 2838, H.R. 3128, S. 1619, H.R. 1987, S. 1611, S. 1386, H.R. 1735, H.R. 4567

R44621 – Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: FY2017 – 10/7/2016

R44621 – Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: FY2017 – 10/7/2016 published on

Author: William L. Painter – Coordinator, Analyst in Emergency Management and Homeland Security Policy
Pages: 36

This report discusses the FY2017 appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The report makes note of many budgetary resources provided to DHS, but its primary focus is on funding approved by Congress through the appropriations process. It includes an Appendix with definitions of key budget terms used throughout the suite of Congressional Research Service reports on homeland security appropriations. It also directs the reader to other reports providing context for and additional details regarding specific component appropriations and issues engaged through the FY2016 appropriations process. Bills: H.R. 5634, H.R. 3128, H.R. 240, H.R. 2090, S. 3001

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