Skip to content

Content Header

Birth of the Mountains: The Geologic Story of the Southern Appalachian Mountains

Birth of the Mountains: The Geologic Story of the Southern Appalachian Mountains published on

Authored by National Park Service

The Southern Appalachian Mountains include the Great Smokey Mountains National Park, and Blue Ridge Parkway, several National Forests, and numerous State and privately owned parks and recreation areas. The region is known worldwide for its great beauty and biological diversity.

Why does this are have such beautiful scenery and a diversity of plants and animals that is greater than in all of Northern Europe? How do the Mountains, and the rocks and minerals of which they are made, affect the lives of people? How do people affect the mountains? To address these questions, we need to understand the geologic events that have shaped this region. We need to know how events that took place millions of years ago have influenced the landscape, climate, soils and living things we see today.

Publication Date:
Apr 19 2014
ISBN/EAN13:
1499189664 / 9781499189667
Page Count:
24
Binding Type:
US Trade Paper
Trim Size:
7″ x 10″
Language:
English
Color:
Full Color
Related Categories:
Nature / Natural Resources

14.95

Westlands Drainage Settlement: A Primer – IF10245

Westlands Drainage Settlement: A Primer – IF10245 published on

The Westlands Water District provides water to users in the Western San Joaquin Valley. It is located within the San Luis Unit of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation’s (“Reclamation”) Central Valley Project. In its initial feasibility report for the San Luis Unit, Reclamation indicated that drainage facilities would be required to carry away waste irrigation water in order to prevent salt accumulations that would render the soil unfit for irrigation. For that reason, the San Luis Act, P.L. 86-488, 74 Stat. 156 (1960), which authorized the creation of the San Luis Unit, prohibited Reclamation from commencing construction of the San Luis Unit until it either received assurances from the state of California that it would provide a master drainage outlet for the San Joaquin Valley or Reclamation had provided for the construction of an “interceptor drain” (as described in Reclamation’s feasibility study) that would meet the drainage requirements of the San Luis Unit. After the state of California notified Reclamation that it would not provide a master drain for the San Joaquin Valley, Reclamation informed Congress that it would make provision for the construction of the San Luis interceptor drain.

Date of Report: June 25, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10245
Price: $5.95

To Order:  CLICK: HERE  to use the SECURE SHOPPING CART 

Email: congress@pennyhill.com 
Phone: 301-253-0881  

For email and phone orders, provide a Visa, MasterCard, American Express, or Discover card number, expiration date, and name on the card. Indicate whether you want e-mail or postal delivery.

Wildfire Statistics – IF10244

Wildfire Statistics – IF10244 published on

Wildfires are unplanned and unwanted fires, including lightning-caused fires, unauthorized human-caused fires, and escaped prescribed fire projects. States are responsible for responding to wildfires that begin on nonfederal (state, local, and private) lands, except for lands protected by federal agencies under cooperative agreements. The federal government is responsible for responding to wildfires that begin on federal lands. The Forest Service (FS)—within the U.S. Department of Agriculture—carries out wildfire management and response across the 193 million acres of the national forest system. The Department of the Interior (DOI) manages the wildfire response for more than 400 million acres of national parks, wildlife refuges and preserves, other public lands, and Indian reservations.

Date of Report: June 23, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10244
Price: $5.95

To Order:  CLICK: HERE  to use the SECURE SHOPPING CART 

Email: congress@pennyhill.com 
Phone: 301-253-0881  

For email and phone orders, provide a Visa, MasterCard, American Express, or Discover card number, expiration date, and name on the card. Indicate whether you want e-mail or postal delivery.

Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act: Legislative Actions in the 114th Congress – IF10267

Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act: Legislative Actions in the 114th Congress – IF10267 published on

During the 114th Congress, both chambers have continued efforts to reauthorize the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSA; 16 U.S.C. §§1801 et seq.). The MSA governs management and conservation of commercial and recreational fisheries in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ; between 3 nautical miles and 200 nautical miles from shore). The act established eight Regional Fishery Management Councils, which develop fishery management plans and amendments. The Secretary of Commerce approves and implements plans. "

Date of Report: July 29, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10267
Price: $5.95


To Order:  CLICK: HERE  to use the SECURE SHOPPING CART 
Email: congress@pennyhill.com 
Phone: 301-253-0881  

For email and phone orders, provide a Visa, MasterCard, American Express, or Discover card number, expiration date, and name on the card. Indicate whether you want e-mail or postal delivery.

National Park Service: Appropriations in Focus – IF10122

National Park Service: Appropriations in Focus – IF10122 published on

The National Park Service (NPS) administers the National Park System, which covers 84.5 million acres and includes 408 units valued for their natural, cultural, and recreational importance. NPS receives funding in annual appropriations laws for Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies. 

Date of Report: July 29, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10122
Price: $5.95

To Order:  CLICK: HERE  to use the SECURE SHOPPING CART 
Email: congress@pennyhill.com 
Phone: 301-253-0881  

For email and phone orders, provide a Visa, MasterCard, American Express, or Discover card number, expiration date, and name on the card. Indicate whether you want e-mail or postal delivery.
 

The Reclamation Fund – IF10042

The Reclamation Fund – IF10042 published on

The Reclamation Act of 1902 authorized the Secretary of the Interior to construct irrigation works in western states and established the Reclamation Fund to pay for these projects. The Reclamation Fund was established as a special fund within the U.S. Treasury. (Special funds are fund accounts for receipts and spending with specific taxes or revenues earmarked for a specific purpose. See CRS Report R41328, Federal Trust Funds and the Budget, by Mindy R. Levit, for more information.) The Reclamation Fund was designated to receive receipts from the sale of federal land in the western United States, as well as other sources.

Date of Report: July 2, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10042
Price: $5.95

To Order:  CLICK: HERE  to use the SECURE SHOPPING CART 
Email: congress@pennyhill.com 
Phone: 301-253-0881  

For email and phone orders, provide a Visa, MasterCard, American Express, or Discover card number, expiration date, and name on the card. Indicate whether you want e-mail or postal delivery.
 

Coastal Flood Resilience: Policy, Roles, and Funds – IF10225

Coastal Flood Resilience: Policy, Roles, and Funds – IF10225 published on

States largely determine whether the approach to coastal flooding is to protect (e.g., constructed dunes, gates), accommodate (e.g., elevate structures and infrastructure), or avoid and retreat (e.g., rolling easements that allow the shore to migrate inland). A state’s approach can have implications for disaster resilience (including for public infrastructure), demand for federal assistance, and patterns and rates of recovery. Federal programs and policies can provide incentives or disincentives for nonfederal investment in coastal planning and risk reduction. The past decade has been marked by increased federal emergency funding for areas hit by coastal storms and increasing federal aid as a share of hurricane damages: 6% in 1955, 50% in 2005, 69% in 2008, and more than 75% in 2012 (see National Research Council, Reducing Coastal Risk, 2014). To what extent various federal programs and funds promote resilience (i.e., ability to recover from disruptions and adapt to changing conditions) is the subject of debate.

Date of Report: May 13, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10225
Price: $5.95

To Order:  CLICK: HERE  to use the SECURE SHOPPING CART 

Email: congress@pennyhill.com 

Phone: 301-253-0881  

For email and phone orders, provide a Visa, MasterCard, American Express, or Discover card number, expiration date, and name on the card. Indicate whether you want e-mail or postal delivery.
 

E.O. 13690 and the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard – IF10150

E.O. 13690 and the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard – IF10150 published on

President Obama issued Executive Order (E.O.) 13690 on January 30, 2015, to improve the nation’s resilience to floods and manage federal disaster recovery costs. It requires federal agencies to update their procedures and regulations related to federal investment and other actions in floodplains. E.O. 13690 amended a 1977 order on floodplain management, E.O. 11988. The amendments added a Federal Flood Risk Management Standard (FFRMS) and new approaches to use in determining the floodplain for E.O. 11988 compliance. Public comment on draft implementing guidelines for the amended E.O. 11988 ended May 6, 2015 (see FR Doc. 2015-02284). The Water Resources Council (WRC) is to issue the final guidelines. Affected agencies have until June 6, 2015, to develop plans for updating agency-specific procedures; the agency update processes are anticipated to provide additional public comment opportunities. Congress is weighing whether to influence E.O. 13690 and FFRMS implementation. It can influence implementation through oversight and authorization, appropriations, and other legislation.

Date of Report: May 27, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10150
Price: $5.95

To Order:  CLICK: HERE  to use the SECURE SHOPPING CART 

Email: congress@pennyhill.com 

Phone: 301-253-0881  

For email and phone orders, provide a Visa, MasterCard, American Express, or Discover card number, expiration date, and name on the card. Indicate whether you want e-mail or postal delivery.
 

Overview of EPA and the Army Corps’ Rule to Define “Waters of the United States” – IF10125

Overview of EPA and the Army Corps’ Rule to Define “Waters of the United States” – IF10125 published on

On May 2014, the Army Corps of Engineers (the Corps) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized revised regulations that define the scope of waters protected under the Clean Water Act (CWA). Discharges to waters under CWA jurisdiction, such as the addition of pollutants from factories or sewage treatment plants and the dredging and filling of spoil material through mining or excavation, require a CWA permit. The legal and policy questions regarding the outer geographic limit of CWA jurisdiction and the consequences of restricting or expanding that scope have challenged regulators, landowners, developers, and policy makers for over 40 years.

Date of Report: June 3, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10125
Price: $5.95

To Order:  CLICK: HERE  to use the SECURE SHOPPING CART 

Email: congress@pennyhill.com 

Phone: 301-253-0881  

For email and phone orders, provide a Visa, MasterCard, American Express, or Discover card number, expiration date, and name on the card. Indicate whether you want e-mail or postal delivery
 

Federal Efforts to Control Invasive Plant and Animal Species – IF10217

Federal Efforts to Control Invasive Plant and Animal Species – IF10217 published on

An “invasive” species (also known as an alien, exotic, injurious, introduced or naturalized, non-native, nonindigenous, nuisance, or noxious species) refers to an animal or plant that is introduced into an environment where it is not native. Of particular concern are non-native animal and plant species that have caused or seem likely to cause substantial economic or ecological harm. However, not all non-native species are invasive or harmful.  The introduction of invasive species to the United States from around the globe—whether deliberate or unintentional—can pose threats to native animal and plant communities and may result in extinctions of native species, ecosystems disruptions as native and non-native species compete for limited resources, reduced biodiversity, and altered terrestrial or aquatic habitats. Invasive species may also introduce new pests and diseases. An estimated 50,000 non-native invasive animal and plant species have been introduced to the United States, resulting in economic costs estimated at more than $100 billion annually.  

Date of Report: 4/30/2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10217
Price: $5.95

To Order:  CLICK: HERE  to use the SECURE SHOPPING CART 

Email: congress@pennyhill.com 

Phone: 301-253-0881  

For email and phone orders, provide a Visa, MasterCard, American Express, or Discover card number, expiration date, and name on the card. Indicate whether you want e-mail or postal delivery.

Primary Sidebar