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The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and U.S. Agriculture – IF10233

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and U.S. Agriculture – IF10233 published on

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a potential free trade agreement (FTA) being negotiated among 12 countries of the Asia-Pacific region: the United States, Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam.  The TPP negotiations, which the United States joined in 2008, cover a broad range of trade topics from government procurement to foreign investment to trade in services, to cite just a few. Negotiations over market access for agricultural products have figured prominently in the discussions as one of a number of agricultural topics under negotiation.

Date of Report: May 29, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10233
Price: $5.95

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Fundamentals of the U.S. Sugar Program – IF10223

Fundamentals of the U.S. Sugar Program – IF10223 published on

The U.S. sugar program is singular among major farm commodity programs in that it combines a floor price guarantee with a supply management structure that encompasses both domestic production for human use and sugar imports. Historically, the U.S. sugar market has been managed to help stabilize supplies and support prices. The current sugar program provides a price guarantee to the processors of sugarcane and sugar beets and, by extension, to the producers of both crops. The 2014 farm bill (P.L. 113-79) reauthorized the sugar program that expired with the 2013 crop year through crop year 2018 with no changes. As before, it directs the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to administer the program at no budgetary cost to the federal government by limiting the amount of sugar supplied for food use in the U.S. market (see CRS Report R43998, U.S. Sugar Program Fundamentals, by Mark A. McMinimy). To achieve the dual objectives of providing a price guarantee to producers while avoiding program costs, USDA uses four tools to keep domestic market prices above guaranteed levels.

Date of Report: 5/8/2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10223
Price: $5.95

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New Era Dawns in U.S.-Mexico Sugar Trade – IF10034

New Era Dawns in U.S.-Mexico Sugar Trade – IF10034 published on

On December 19, 2014, the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) signed an agreement with the Government of Mexico suspending the agency’s countervailing duty (CVD) investigation into subsidization of Mexican sugar exports. The DOC also signed a second agreement with Mexican sugar producers and exporters that suspends an antidumping (AD) duty investigation into Mexican sugar exports to the United States. Beginning in 2008, Mexican sugar exporters occupied a uniquely favored position among sugar exporters supplying the U.S. market, because the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) provided Mexican sugar with unlimited, duty-free access. The two suspension agreements fundamentally alter the nature of trade in sugar between Mexico and the United States: first by imposing volume limits on Mexican sugar exports to the U.S. market, and second by setting minimum price levels for the exported sugar. 

CRS Resources

CRS Report R42535, Sugar Program: The Basics, by Mark A. McMinimy

Date of Report: December 31, 2014
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10034
Price: $5.95

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