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Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank) Reauthorization

Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank) Reauthorization published on

What is Ex-Im Bank? As the official U.S. export credit agency (ECA), Ex-Im Bank finances and insures U.S. exports of goods and services with the goal of supporting U.S. jobs. On a demand-driven basis, it seeks to support exports that the private sector is unwilling or unable to finance alone at commercially viable terms for exporting; and/or to counter government-backed financing offered by foreign countries through their ECAs. The rationales behind Ex-Im Bank’s activities are subject to congressional debate.

Date of Report: June 17, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10017
Price: $5.95

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Phone: 301-253-0881  

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U.S. Trade Policy: Background and Current Issues – IF10156

U.S. Trade Policy: Background and Current Issues – IF10156 published on

Congress plays a major role in U.S. trade policy through its legislative and oversight authority. Since World War II, U.S. trade policy has focused on liberalizing markets by reducing trade and investment barriers, creating a rules-based trading system, enforcing commitments under trade agreements, and supporting economic growth. Trade policy, spanning a range of stakeholder interests, involves U.S. economic, foreign policy, and national security issues. 

Date of Report: July 22, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10156
Price: $5.95

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Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) – IF10120

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) – IF10120 published on

On March 20, 2013, the Obama Administration notified Congress of its intent to negotiate T-TIP. Negotiations began in July 2013, with a tenth round of negotiations in July 2015. At the 2015 G-7 Summit, leaders resolved to accelerate negotiations with a goal of finalizing understandings on T-TIP’s outline as soon as possible, preferably by the year’s end. In T-TIP, both sides have exchanged initial tariff offers and revised service offers. Discussions on regulations, standards, and rules are ongoing. The European Commission continues to deliberate its approach to investor-state dispute settlement.

Date of Report: July 29, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10120
Price: $5.95

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U.S. Trade Policy: Background and Current Issues – IF10156

U.S. Trade Policy: Background and Current Issues – IF10156 published on

Congress plays a major role in U.S. trade policy through its legislative and oversight authority. Since World War II, U.S. trade policy has focused on liberalizing markets by reducing trade and investment barriers, creating a rules-based trading system, enforcing commitments under trade agreements, and supporting economic growth. Trade policy, spanning a range of stakeholder interests, involves U.S. economic, foreign policy, and national security issues. 

Date of Report: 4/20/2015 
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10156
Price: $5.95

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Email: congress@pennyhill.com 

Phone: 301-253-0881  

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U.S. Trade Policy: Background and Current Issues – IF10156

U.S. Trade Policy: Background and Current Issues – IF10156 published on

Congress plays a major role in U.S. trade policy through its legislative and oversight authority. Since World War II, U.S. trade policy has focused on liberalizing markets by reducing trade and investment barriers, creating a rules-based trading system, enforcing commitments under trade agreements, and supporting economic growth. Trade policy, spanning a range of stakeholder interests, involves U.S. economic, foreign policy, and national security issues.

Date of Report: March 18, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10156
Price: $5.95

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Email: congress@pennyhill.com 

Phone: 301-253-0881  

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Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) – IF10120

Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) – IF10120 published on

What is it? The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) is a proposed “comprehensive and high-standard” free trade agreement (FTA) between the United States and European Union (EU). Both sides seek to liberalize transatlantic trade and investment and set globally relevant rules and disciplines that could boost economic growth, support multilateral trade liberalization through the World Trade Organization (WTO), and address third-country trade policy challenges. 

Date of Report: February 4, 2015
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10120
Price: $5.95

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Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and International Trade – IF10033

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and International Trade – IF10033 published on

What is intellectual property (IP), and how is it protected? IP is a creation of the mind embodied in physical and digital objects. Intellectual property rights (IPR) are legal, private, enforceable rights that governments grant to inventors and artists. IPR generally provide timelimited monopolies to right holders to use, commercialize, and market their creations and to prevent others from doing the same without their permission (acts referred to as infringements). IPR are intended to encourage innovation and creative output. After these rights expire, other inventors, artists, and society at large can build on them.

Date of Report: December 23, 2014
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10033
Price: $5.95

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Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank) Reauthorization – IF10017

Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank) Reauthorization – IF10017 published on

What is Ex-Im Bank? As the official U.S. export credit agency (ECA), Ex-Im Bank finances and insures U.S. exports of goods and services with the goal of supporting U.S. jobs. On a demand-driven basis, it seeks to support exports that the private sector is unwilling or unable to finance alone at commercially viable terms for exporting; and/or to counter government-backed financing offered by foreign countries through their ECAs. The rationales behind Ex-Im Bank’s activities are subject to congressional debate.

Date of Report: December 4, 2014
Pages: 2
Order Number: IF10017
Price: $5.95

To Order:

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e-mail:congress@pennyhill.com

Phone: 301-253-0881

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Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) – IF00005

Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) – IF00005 published on

What is it? The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) is a proposed “comprehensive and high-standard” free trade agreement (FTA) between the United States and European Union (EU). Both sides seek to liberalize transatlantic trade and investment and set globally-relevant rules and disciplines that could boost economic growth, support multilateral trade liberalization through the World Trade Organization (WTO), and address third-country trade policy challenges.  

What is the current status? On March 20, 2013, the Obama Administration notified Congress of its intent to negotiate T-TIP. Negotiations began in July 2013, and five rounds of negotiations have been held to date, with the most recent one in May 2014. Both sides aim to conclude the negotiations in two years, but the likelihood is uncertain given the complexity of the issues.

Date of Report: June 5, 2014
Number of Pages: 2
Order Number: IF00005
Price: $5.95

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Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank) Reauthorization – IF00021

Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank) Reauthorization – IF00021 published on

What is Ex-Im Bank? As the official U.S. export credit agency (ECA), Ex-Im Bank finances and insures U.S. exports of goods and services on a demand-driven basis. It seeks to support U.S. exports, and in turn, U.S. employment, by (1) correcting market failures, assuming the risks of financing exports that the private sector is unwilling, or unable, to undertake alone at competitive terms; and/or (2) meeting foreign competition, countering officially backed financing offered by other countries.

Date of Report: June 30, 2014
Number of Pages: 2
Order Number: IF00021
Price: $5.95

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Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank) Reauthorization – IF00021

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