Author: Susan V. Lawrence
The bilateral relationship between the United States and China is one of the world?s most consequential. The two countries lead the world in the size of their economies and their defense budgets and in the scale of their global greenhouse gas emissions. Both nations are among the five nuclear-armed, veto-wielding permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. Their cooperation is necessary to address some of the world?s most pressing challenges, including weak global economic growth, climate change, and nuclear proliferation. Yet their differences?on such issues as cybersecurity, the application of international law to territorial disputes, human rights, international development, and their respective roles in Asia and the world?have at times threatened to tip the relationship toward rivalry.