Author: Karen E. Lynch, Analyst in Social Policy; Gail McCallion, Specialist in Social Policy
Several federal programs support child care, education, or related services, primarily for lowincome working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically designed to assist families with child care expenses. This report includes an update on funding developments for FY2013 (see Table 1) and a summary of final FY2012 funding levels (see Table 2) for a selection of these early childhood care and education programs. The report also provides a six year funding history (see Table 3) and brief descriptions for these programs and related tax provisions. In many cases, other Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports are referenced as sources for more detailed information about individual programs. Early childhood care and education programs due to be reauthorized in the 113th Congress include the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) and Head Start, as well as programs under the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The NCLB programs include those funded under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Title I, Part A. The IDEA programs include the Infants and Families program, but not the Preschool Grants program. In addition, mandatory child care and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant are also due for reauthorization.