R40623 – Tax Havens: International Tax Avoidance and Evasion – 1/10/2013

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Tax Havens: International Tax Avoidance and Evasion

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Author: Jane G. Gravelle, Senior Specialist in Economic Policy

Pages: 51

The first section of this report reviews what countries might be considered tax havens, including a discussion of the Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD) initiatives and lists. The next two sections discuss, in turn, the corporate profit-shifting mechanisms and evidence on the existence and magnitude of profit shifting activity. The following two sections provide the same analysis for individual tax evasion. The report concludes with overviews of alternative policy options and a summary of specific legislative proposals. Bills: H.R. 4213, S. 506, H.R. 1265, S. 386, S. 569, S. 3018