Author: Marian Leonardo Lawson, Analyst in Foreign Assistance
This report focuses primarily on U.S. bilateral assistance, not on the work of multilateral aid entities, such as the World Bank, to which the United States contributes. While a wide range of federal agencies provide foreign assistance in some form,8 this report focuses on the three agencies that have primary policy authority and implementation responsibility for U.S. foreign assistance-USAID, the State Department, and the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC). It discusses past efforts to improve aid evaluation, as well as ongoing issues that make evaluation challenging in the foreign assistance context. The report also provides an overview of the current evaluation policies of the primary implementing agencies, and discusses related issues for Congress, including recent legislation.